Robust Query Processing in Co-Processor-accelerated Databases
Sebastian Breß, Henning Funke, and Jens Teubner
ACM SIGMOD Conference on Management of Data, San Francisco, CA, USA, June/July, 2016.
Technology limitations are making the use of heterogeneous computing devices much more than an academic curiosity. In fact, the use of such devices is widely acknowledged to be the only promising way to achieve application-speedups that users urgently need and expect. However, building a robust and efficient query engine for heterogeneous co-processor environments is still a significant challenge.
In this paper, we identify two effects that limit performance in case co-processor resources become scarce. Cache thrashing occurs when the working set of queries does not fit into the co-processor’s data cache, resulting in performance degradations up to a factor of 24. Heap contention occurs when multiple operators run in parallel on a co-processor and when their accumulated memory footprint exceeds the main memory capacity of the co-processor, slowing down query execution by up to a factor of six.
We propose solutions for both effects. Data-driven operator placement avoids data movements when they might be harmful; query chopping limits co-processor memory usage and thus avoids contention. The combined approach—data-driven query chopping—achieves robust and scalable performance on co-processors. We validate our proposal with an open-source GPU-accelerated database engine and the popular star schema and TPC-H benchmarks.